What we (do not) know about mammal coronavirus and general virus? Using bibliometric information to identify neglected taxonomic groups and potential viral reservoirs of zoonotic importance

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33837/msj.v3i1.1240

Keywords:

COVID-19, Bibliometric indicators, Epidemic prevention, SARS-CoV-2, Wildlife zoonoses.

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic is currently advancing in the world and has killed more people than other recent coronavirus outbreaks like SARS and MERS together. Coronaviruses known to infect humans were all associated to mammal sources, with different species acting as both natural and/or intermediate hosts of these viruses. Although the zoonotic origin of human coronaviruses is well accepted, a great number of mammal species were not yet investigated as their potential to carry these viruses. This work aimed to provide an overview of the current state of scientific knowledge about what are the mammal groups well known to be associated to coronaviruses and other viruses and what are the most neglected groups in these studies. Here we analyze the production of scientific publications about these and other viruses in association with the 29 taxonomic orders of the Mammalia class. Our results highlighted that most of these taxonomic orders have been little studied or completely unexplored in researches with this focus, with only six orders accumulating more than 99% of the articles on coronaviruses in mammals. Ten mammal groups were not found in any scientific publication in association with coronaviruses, with four of them not found even in works mentioning any type of viruses. These results reinforce the importance of identify all the natural and intermediate hosts for viruses to improve monitoring of potential zoonosis and reduce the chances of new disease outbreaks.

References

Azhar, E. I., El-Kafrawy, S. A., Farraj, S. A., Hassan, A. M., Al-Saeed, M. S., Hashem, A. M., & Madani, T. A. (2014). Evidence for camel-to-human transmission of MERS coronavirus. New England Journal of Medicine, 370(26), 2499–2505. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1401505

Burgin, C. J., Colella, J. P., Kahn, P. L., & Upham, N. S. (2018). How many species of mammals are there? Journal of Mammalogy, 99(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyx147

Chu, D. K. W., Poon, L. L. M., Gomaa, M. M., Shehata, M. M., Perera, R. A. P. M., Zeid, D. A., … Kayali, G. (2014). MERS coronaviruses in dromedary camels, Egypt. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(6), 1049–1053. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2006.140299

Gravinatti, M. L., Barbosa, C. M., Soares, R. M., & Gregori, F. (2020). Synanthropic rodents as virus reservoirs and transmitters. Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 53, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0486-2019

Guan, Y., Zheng, B. J., He, Y. Q., Liu, X. L., Zhuang, Z. X., Cheung, C. L., … Poon, L. L. M. (2003). Isolation and characterization of viruses related to the SARS coronavirus from animals in Southern China. Science, 302(5643), 276–278. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1087139

Haagmans, B. L., Al Dhahiry, S. H. S., Reusken, C. B. E. M., Raj, V. S., Galiano, M., Myers, R., … Koopmans, M. P. G. (2014). Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in dromedary camels: An outbreak investigation. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 14(2), 140–145. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(13)70690-X

Hu, B., Ge, X., Wang, L. F., & Shi, Z. (2015). Bat origin of human coronaviruses Coronaviruses: Emerging and re-emerging pathogens in humans and animals Susanna Lau Positive-strand RNA viruses. Virology Journal, 12(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12985-015-0422-1

Li, W., Shi, Z., Yu, M., Ren, W., Smith, C., Epstein, J. H., … Wang, L. F. (2005). Bats are natural reservoirs of SARS-like coronaviruses. Science, 310(5748), 676–679. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1118391

Lipsitch, M., Swerdlow, D. L., & Finelli, L. (2020). Defining the Epidemiology of Covid-19 - Studies Needed. The New England Journal of Medicine, 382(13), 1194–1196. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp2002125

Marra, M. A., Jones, S. J. M., Astell, C. R., Holt, R. A., Brooks-wilson, A., Butterfield, Y. S. N., … Roper, R. L. (2003). The Genome Sequence of the SARS-Associated Coronavirus, 300, 1399–1405.

Masters, P. S. (2006). The Molecular Biology of Coronaviruses. Advances in Virus Research, 65, 193–292. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-3527(06)66005-3

Pensaert, M. B., & Callebaut, P. E. (1974). Characteristics of a coronavirus causing vomition and wasting in pigs. Archiv Fur Die Gesamte Virus forschung, 44(1), 35–50. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01242179

Prevent and predict. (2020). Nature Ecology & Evolution, 4(3), 283–283. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-020-1150-5

Schoeman, D., & Fielding, B. C. (2019). Coronavirus envelope protein: Current knowledge. Virology Journal, 16(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12985-019-1182-0

Travis, D. a, Watson, R. P., & Tauer, A. (2011). The spread of pathogens through trade in wildlife. Rev. Sci. Tech., 30(1), 219–239.

World Health Organization (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): situation report, 72.

Downloads

Published

2020-08-18

How to Cite

Nunes, R., Dias, R. O., Rodrigues, F. M., & Telles, M. P. de C. (2020). What we (do not) know about mammal coronavirus and general virus? Using bibliometric information to identify neglected taxonomic groups and potential viral reservoirs of zoonotic importance. Multi-Science Journal (ISSN 2359-6902), 3(1), 53-58. https://doi.org/10.33837/msj.v3i1.1240

Issue

Section

Biological and Health Sciences